A staunch and productive civil rights activist in the early decades of the Twentieth Century, Mary Talbert fought for civil and women’s rights on the national and international stages. She was a founder of the Niagara Movement, which was a precursor to the NAACP. She was named president for life of the Frederick Douglass Memorial and Historical Association. During World War I, she was a member of the Women’s Committee of National Defense. After the war, she was appointed to the Women’s Committee on International Relations, which selected women nominees for position in the League of Nations.